Reading, Writing & Literacy

Oral language and written language are impacted by language-based learning disabilities. A child with speech and language impairments may experience difficulty acquiring literacy skills. Early phonological awareness skills include identifying sound symbol correspondence, phoneme blending, phoneme segmentation, phoneme deletion, syllable deletion and segmentation, rhyme production, and sentence segmentation. Difficulties with identifying individual sounds in words, as seen in children with poor phonological awareness, impact a child's ability to break down written language. For some students, reading difficulties aren't detected until the later elementary school years (ie. grades 3-6) when the role of literacy in education shifts from success with decoding to success with comprehension. When there are difficulties with processing written information, the ability to reflect on and organize information in a written language sample is negatively impacted.


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